Hypospadias is a birth defect that affects boys. When boys have hypospadias, the opening of their urethra the tube that carries urine from the bladder to through the penis is not located at the tip of the penis as it should be. Although hypospadias is not considered an inherited disorder, it does seem to occur more often than normal in some families.
Hypospadias is a congenital present at birth anomaly of the penis, with the opening of the urethra located anywhere on the underside of the penis instead of the tip Pic. It is usually noticed at birth and treated with surgery in early childhood, to enable normal development of the penis. If left untreated, it may result in abnormal appearance and curvature of the penis in erection, difficult urination and impaired ejaculation.
Progesterone and its derivatives are commonly prescribed during early pregnancy, for example, in cases of luteal phase dysfunction and in conjunction with ovulation stimulation drugs. This analysis included subjects diagnosed with second- or third-degree hypospadias ie, the urethra opened at the penile shaft, scrotum, or perineum and male, live-born, nonmalformed control subjects. Analyses stratified by several potential covariates also suggested elevated risks.
Please refresh the page and retry. H ypospadias. T he condition is one that can define a man's life.
Asklund, N. Some studies have suggested an association between paternal subfertility and hypospadias among their sons, although the association has not been systematically investigated. We therefore compared male reproductive health among a group of fathers of boys with hypospadias and a group of fathers to normal children.
ABSTRACT: Male infertility is a reproductive health disorder, emerging globally as serious medicaland social problem that results in much trauma, emotional instability and psychological stress of the affected couples. Male infertility can assess by the quality and quantity of sperm cells as well as structure. The present review provides an overview on a wide range of factors that are accountable for male infertility.
As a couple finishes its business, millions of sperm begin theirs: rushing toward an egg to fertilize it. But these days, scientists say, an increasing proportion of sperm — now about 90 percent in a typical young man — are misshapen, sometimes with two heads or two tails. Sperm counts also appear to have dropped sharply in the last 75 years, in ways that affect our ability to reproduce.
Hypospadias is a congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract characterized by abnormal location of the external urethral meatus over ventral aspect of penis. The ideal time to correct primary hypospadias is when aged months. However, in some developing countries, such as ours, this anomaly may be left untreated until adulthood.
Some chemicals and infectious agents may also be harmful to the pregnancy and hazardous to the foetus. Such agents are often referred to generally as 'reprotoxic substances'. They include a variety of potentially harmful chemical agents e. Prevention of the harmful effects of occupational exposures requires assessment and management of reproductive risks in the workplace.