Feral pigeons Columba livia domesticaalso called city dovescity pigeonsor street pigeons  are pigeons that are derived from the domestic pigeons that have returned to the wild. Feral pigeons find the ledges of buildings to be a substitute for sea cliffs, have become adapted to urban life, and are abundant in towns and cities throughout much of the world. Feral pigeons are essentially the same in appearance to the original wild rock dove, but often display far greater variation in colour and pattern compared to their wild ancestors.
Sexing pigeons can be tricky and even experts are occasionally fooled. Unlike many animals, birds, in general, do not have obvious physical attributes that distinguish them as male or female. Instead, you must closely watch pigeons for certain types of behavior in order to tell if pigeons are male or female.
There are a surprising number of animals that immediately die after having sex or not long after the mating season. The males especially are forced to live fast and die really, really young - often only surviving for about a year. Why is this a thing?
I'm a big fan of pigeons. They do lots of interesting things, they look neat, they're pretty 'extreme' when it comes to various of their abilties, and they're accessible and easy to watch. I'm particularly proud of this sequence of images, taken on the coast of Lyme Regis, Dorset UKearlier this year. While at this stage it isn't completely obvious, I think that the bird on the right is the male.
The authors declare that data supporting the findings of this study are available within the paper and the supplementary information files. Same-sex sexual behaviour has been noted among social animals. However, because of the large number of observations necessary, data from controlled experiments are lacking.
Spring is the breeding season for most birds, but how do birds mate? Coming together in sexual copulation is essential to fertilize eggs to raise young birds, but the sex act is only a brief part of the courtship and pair bonds between birds. Most birds do not have the same reproductive body parts as mammals.
Credit: Getty Images. New research finds surprisingly big differences in tissue gene expression between male and female pigeons. In experimental research, scientists tend to assume that—unless they are looking specifically at reproduction or sexual behavior—male and female animals are alike, and mostly use males.
Chana K. This chapter is a review of the various visual cues and their mechanisms with regard to the sexual behavior of avian species. The first half of the chapter is devoted to describing various visual cues and their role in facilitating successful mating in the wild.